Biodynamic vs Organic

Biodynamic vs organic methods of food growing, is there a difference or are they pretty much different names for the same thing?

The organic method is ecologically oriented. It tries to replace an overly complex, laboratory-oriented approach with a common sense approach which the ordinary gardener and farmer can relate to.

In many cases, the organic approach tries to understand how Nature does things, for “Nature knows best,” and then tries to do gardening and farming in the most natural manner possible. Insects and diseases are combated by the use of nature’s own remedies (ladybugs, trichogramma, preying mantises, garlic and pepper sprays, etc.). The aim is healthy soil for healthy plants for healthy men and animals.

Biodynamics is also ecologically orientated, but takes a much wider scope into account, including the sun, the moon, planets and subterranean features, in its effort to understand the totality of all factors. The mental factor is also considered. Biodynamics, though not disparaging of common sense, is concerned essentially with consciousness-expansion in regard to plants, animals and soil. The attempt is made to look into the deeper spirit of nature. Out of this deeper awareness, based on exquisite observation of nature, the approach calls for not letting things run their natural course, but for intensifying certain natural processes (creating optimal animal populations, making special compost preparations, planting selected companion plants at certain cosmic constellations), aiding nature where she is weak after so many centuries of abuse, short-cutting destructive processes, and using human intelligence, kindness and good will to foster positive developments (planting hedges for birds, planting bee pastures, etc.).


BD horn silica spraying at My Food Garden

Biodynamics is a human service to the earth and its creatures, not just a method for increasing production or for providing healthy food. The healthful and bountiful abundance is, so to speak, a natural result of the right view of and treatment of nature. Healthful food is not enough to save humanity; the question is, what are the energies provided by the good food going to be used for? Fighting bugs and disease-prevention are not major concerns for biodynamics as they are for the chemical farming method where tons of poisons are used to ‘solve’ the problem, or for the organic method, where natural organic techniques are used for the war on bugs.

Biodynamics can be summed up as: Putting one’s energies into supporting the good, rather than into fighting the bad. Low productivity, insects and disease are not the problem, they are the symptoms. Spraying bugs ground up in a blender, using trichogramma wasps, etc. is treating the symptom, whereas building the soil and one’s relationship to the land is treating the problem.

Culture and Horticulture A Philosophy of Gardening by Wolf D. Storl

PS: I have worked with biodynamic methods in our food

growing spaces for 24 years now. Our next workshop Enhancing your organic garden with biodunamics on March 28-29 2020 deals with all elements of this wonderful piece from Wolf Storl’s book. You can also find some introductory material on our biodynamics page here.

Posted in biodynamic gardening, urban farming, vegetable gardening and tagged , , , , , .


  1. Hi Peter
    I think this is an unfair description of organics. Organics also involves “supporting the good” by building soil and enhancing the landscape. Each farmer or gardener uses their own approach.
    I have looked at dozens of papers and reports and there is no consistent evidence the BD performs better than organic farming.
    Cheers, Paul

    • Hi Paul

      I have also looks at many research papers and farms and with my own use firstly with organics for at least 35 years and then over the last 22 years with biodynamics and with a deeper study of its particularly over the last 10, I can speak from my own experience.

      I think its vital to express that biodynamics works best if it is used to potentise sound organic growing methods. This is how I work with it. I know biodynamic farmers who do not work consistently with sounds organic practices and there food growing would indeed not be a good as a very well managed organic farm or garden, but when you combine the two, you get much more soil and plant vitality and a progressive reduction in the need for external inputs.

  2. Hi Peter,

    I agree with your explanation of of organics and biodynamics. We farmed and gardened organically for several years before exploring biodynamics (over 25 years ago) and felt is gave us another realm of understanding and set of principles and applications we could use to improve the soil and plant health on our farm. We are currently trialling applying the BD preparations directly to the seeds when planting our crops as a seed dressing. With timely rain events our crops look fabulous, the best we have observed for many years. What are your thoughts on using the preps as a seed dressing?

    • Hi Judy,
      Thanks for your comments. I sometimes soak my seeds in the BD soil activator before planting. I tend tend to leave liquid some when I am putting it out on the soil and if I have a lot of seeds to plant I will soak them overnight before planting them. This is for vegetable crops. I have observed it speeds up germination, but you need to be careful not to leave them in the water too long.

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